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common sow thistle uses

Germination usually takes place within 2 - 8 weeks at 20°C. Many insects feed on the leaves, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds. The plant was commonly fed to lactating sow hogs because it was believed to aid in milk production (probably because of the milky sap produced). A single sow thistle plant can contain up to 25,000 seeds that can easily disperse through the wind, but the majority of them only end up 2 to 3 meters (6 to 9 feet) away from the parent plant.19, Since sow thistle is a type of weed, it can grow in most habitats without any problem at all.20 The real challenge is to control it while growing, especially after significant rainfall events at any time of the year, which is when sow thistle tends to germinate abundantly.21 Be sure to harvest during early spring to mid-summer, as the leaves become more bitter until autumn arrives.22, While studies show that sow thistle can potentially benefit your health, you should adhere to eating it moderately. The scientific name's latin roots are: sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in cooking. Common names refer to the attractiveness of the plant to hares, rabbits and pigs. In addition, pigs love it as well. In the backyard, Seattle WA However, not all weeds are the same — some of them may actually be beneficial to your health. flour. It is native to Europe and western Asia. The leaves are also great to use as an antioxidant. Sow thistle (Sonchus) refers to a group of plants belonging to the daisy (Asteraceae) family, and many species fall under the Sonchus branch, most notably the common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus).3 Its scientific name is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” which means “hollow,”4 referring to its stems. BUTTERED SOW-THISTLE. Native thistle provide important habitat and food sources for native fauna. Cooking sow thistle: Smooth sow thistle salsa, Go ahead: Grow sow thistle in your garden today, Fingerroot: A flavorful spice bursting with benefits, Resveratrol’s role in achieving optimal health, 100 grams (3 1/2 ounces) soaked hazelnuts. To make coffee from sow thistle … A 2016 study found that milk thistle improved diet-induced liver damage in mice. Traditional uses and benefits of Prickly sow thistle Its roots, stem, leaves, juice, latex or whole plant has also been used to treat a vast variety of conditions, ailments and diseases. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. Weeds are a common sight in gardens, fields and lawns. Some authorities believe that populations of Clammy Sow-thistle ( Sochus tenerrimus ) found in Australia are actually one of these forms of Common Sow-thistle.Common Sow-thistle belongs to a group of mainly yellow-flowered daisies in the Tribe Lactuceae . Thistles will resprout readily if cut down, so it’s best to dig the whole plant up by the root. Even tho some places are calling it “milk weed”, Wild Lettuce shown is NOT common Milkweed. It is not frost tender. Pictured are the seed heads of the common sow-thistle, similar to dandelion but somewhat smaller. This tall (it can grow up to 2 m) perennial is said to have escaped from gardens in the UK in the 19th century and can now be found growing wild in small pockets around the country. The stem juice is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with great caution since it can cause colic and tenesmus. Most gardeners and farmers consider them troublesome, as weeds compete for resources such as space, water, light and soil nutrients that should go to the plants you want to grow.1. It creates an increased locomotor activity that … The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Don’t let the food become runny. The common name 'sow thistle' derives from its attractiveness to swine and the similarity of its leaf to the pig's ear. While doing step 1, soak the sow thistle leaves in cold water for one hour. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. The leaves, like those of the Common Sow-Thistle, applied outwardly by way of cataplasm, have been found serviceable in inflammatory swellings. Butter or oil. Chop the tomatoes and place the sow thistle mixture in a bowl. Another great treat is pickled sow thistle buds. Common Sow-thistle. Researchers note that common sow thistle contains oxalic acid,23 a naturally occurring compound found in many plants (typically referred as oxalate), as a risk factor of stone formation in your kidneys.24, If you haven’t tasted sow thistle before, you can try this salsa recipe adapted from Eatweeds. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. © 2020 | All Rights Reserved. I agree to receive email updates and promotions. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. Herb: Sow Thistle Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. Other common names for sonchus oleraceus are swinies, hare’s colwart, milky tassel, hare’s thistle, annual sow thistle, smooth sow thistle and hare’s lettuce. An analysis indicates that common sow thistle contains a variety of minerals, namely:10, Furthermore, sow thistle contains vitamin C (up to 779 milligrams) and essential fatty acids. It has been used as fodder for many animals, particularly rabbits and pigs. Let them soak for six weeks and they become a wonderful nibble, very similar to pickled capers. Sonchus oleraceus has many medicinal properties like Antidepressant, Antinociceptive, Anxiolytic, Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, Antitumor, Antimalarial, blood purifier, hepatic, sedative, febrifuge, tonic, Anti-inflammatory, Anticancer etc. ), also known as milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and northern New South Wales. In Hawaii it is called pualele. A report from Garden Organic (formerly the Henry Doubleday Research Association) notes that 150-year-old sow thistle seeds recovered from excavations have been reported to still be viable for germination.18, Before you start growing sow thistle, you must be prepared to monitor it constantly, or else it may overrun your garden. Traditional used and benefits of Sow thistle. Add the hazelnuts, sow thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, olive oil and chili flakes in a food processor. Beef stock or water. Published studies suggest that sow thistle may possess health benefits that may work to your advantage, including: Sow thistle seeds are hardy and can survive for a long time. Common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall appearance. Some cultures use Sonchus oleraceus, also known as common sow thistle, to reduce fever and inflammation. It is abundant in California to about 4900 feet (1500 m) and is commonly found in California's Central Valley and coastal areas where it grows year-round. Consuming this weed can help the body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the body. Another notable asset of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content,11 which may help reduce the risk of eye disease.12. Stems and leaves are also used in cooking by local peoples. A pernicious weed, it really needs no encouragement from us. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. This applies to sow thistle, a common plant native to Europe, North Africa and West Asia, but can now found around the world.2 Take a look and see why you should plant sow thistle in your yard. If you order seeds.. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. Thistle Root. Should you be concerned with eating sow thistle? Common sow thistle is in the Compositae (Asteraceae) family. Log in, Fundamentals of Ecology and Environmental Science, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Bank myna (Acridotheres ginginianus) complete detail – updated, Crested bunting (Melophus lathami) Yuvaraaj – complete detail, Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park – complete detail – updated, Deforestation and Its impacts on nature & natural resources, Definition of Wildlife Sanctuary According to wildlife protection act 1972. Sonchus asper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Latex in the plant has been used as a treatment on warts. For this recipe the young 2- to 4-inch leaves of common sow-thistle [Sonchus oleraceus] are best and when the leaves are not bitter. An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea. Salt and pepper . Plant is pounded and applied as a poultice to wounds and boils. However, you must be vigilant when planting this in your garden, as it can quickly overgrow your space. The gum has been used as a cure for the opium habit. In the end, the benefits may be worth the effort, as you have immediate access to antioxidants, vitamins and minerals at your disposal. Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Propagation of Common Thistle: Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ. Annual sowthistle is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. Strain and rinse afterward. Welted thistle can be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils. The genus Sonchus includes approximately 60 species, and three of them have become common weeds throughout the world. Sow thistle is the common name for the genus sonchus in the dandelion tribe (cichorieae or lactuceae) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae. “Oleraceus,” on the other hand, is Latin for edible, Sow thistle is classified as a weed, as it grows practically anywhere and its seeds can spread easily, Sow thistle is rich in various minerals, vitamin C, essential fatty acids and carotenoids that may benefit your health, Studies have shown that sow thistle may help boost your antioxidant capabilities, manage inflammation, reduce anxiety and possibly lower your risk of cancer. One of the most common uses of milk thistle is to treat liver problems. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Sow thistle is anti-inflammatory. Soak the hazelnuts in boiling water for one hour. Other sow-thistle species may need their spines trimming off and It … Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L. 192 Sow-thistle, Milk weed, Smooth sow-thistle, Annual sowthistle, Common sow-thistle, Common sowthistle, Pualele, Sow thistle, Hare's Lettuce, Milk Thistle, Smooth Saw-thistle, Annual sow thistle, Common milk thistle, Common sow thistle, Hare's-lettuce, Smooth sow thistle, Wild lettuce, Annual sow-thistle, Common annual sow-thistle No economic uses are known for S. asper, making the risk of intentional introductions low. 1 or 2 handfuls sow-thistle leaves – young. Known hazards of Cirsium vulgare: None known www.coralyn.com - web design, development, & digital marketing, Common sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is derived from the Greek word “sonchus,” referring to the plant’s hollow stems. Compositae. This is a nutritious plant that contains several minerals (calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and zinc) and vitamins ( A, B1, B2, B3, B6, & C). The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. The plant is emenagogue and hepatic. Description; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonym---Marian Thistle.---Parts Used---Whole herb, root, leaves, seeds and hull.The Marian, or Milk Thistle, is perhaps the most important medicinally among the members of this genus, to which all botanists do not, however, assign it, naming it Silybum Marianum. Sonchus oleraceuscommonly used as a fodder. What is sow thistle and how can you identify it? It incorporates the leaves of the plant, giving your regular salsa a different taste that you may enjoy:25. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Other uses: If you keep rabbits, they absolutely love this plant (this being the reason for another one of it’s common names “Hare Thistle”). The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. Sow Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts From Foraging Foodie. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The word “oleraceus,” on the other hand, roughly translates to “edible” in Latin.5, The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches.6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields.7 Another distinguishing feature of sow thistle is its stem, which produces a milky sap when snipped.8, The plant blooms yellow flowers that are 5 to 6 millimeters (0.20 to 0.24 inches) long. Latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow almost anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. An interesting characteristic of these flowers is that they only open during the morning.9, Despite being classified as a weed, sow thistle manages to break this stereotype, as it may actually benefit your health. THISTLE, MILK Botanical: Silybum marianum Family: N.O. It is also said to have anticancer activity. Botany Gagatang is an erect, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high. Crush the garlic cloves and let sit for 15 minutes. It can be easy for you to grow sow thistle in your yard as it tolerates most soil conditions and climates. Sowthistle uses stored soil water during fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain. 6 Since it is classified as a weed, it can grow nearly anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields. Although it is related to the more common Sow Thistle, it is in a different genus, and its flower is often confused with that of another relation, the Wild Chicory. 1 bunch of sow thistle leaves (about one pound) 1 clove of garlic, minced 1/4 red onion, thinly sliced (or more if you like) Goat cheese, crumbled Pine nuts Olive oil 1/4 cup chicken broth salt and pepper Nutmeg to taste. Woolly thistle is a little bit more selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground. An infusion of the leaves and roots is febrifuge and tonic. Sow thistle is sonchus not Lactuca Virosa. Serve the salsa alongside your favorite foods, such as cooked meats. Stems are used as sedative and tonic. The potential benefits of sow thistle are few but noteworthy. This weed helps in calming the mind and reducing anxiety. These are S. arvensis, perennial sow thistle, and the two annual species S. oleraceus, common sow thistle, and S. asper, prickly sow thistle. Fork the tomatoes through the processed sow thistle. Juice of the plant used for cleaning and healing ulcers. 1 tsp. The nectar and pollen of native thistles are incredibly valuable food sources to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Cultivation of the herb: Fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to 600 metres. The leaves are applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings. Remove the leaf blades from the larger leaves and discard the stalks. It got the name Sow Thistle from the fact that when cut the plant exudes a latex like milk which was believed to help lactation in mothering sows. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). ... Common milkweed in its Latin name is Asclepias syriaca, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa. Common sowthistle is ranked as the 5th most difficult weed to control in winter crops. Simply pick flower buds before they have ever opened and drop them in leftover pickle juice. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies. It too enjoys grasslands. Sonchus oleraceus. The leaves are … Please.. please order from a known source and use the Latin name. Run the processor until all ingredients are chopped and mixed up. The common sow thistle plant can grow up to 40 to 150 centimeters (15 to 59 inches) tall, with an upright taproot possessing many branches. Ground nutmeg – pinch. There are a few different types of Sow Thistle species growing in the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common. To your health let them soak for six weeks and they become a wonderful nibble very! An antioxidant benefits of sow thistle is its high carotenoid content,11 which may help reduce the risk intentional. Are calling it “ milk weed ”, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa febrifuge and tonic annual broadleaf plant situ! Buds before they have common sow thistle uses opened and drop them in leftover pickle juice and pollinators. Interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain juice is a little bit more selective its..., hollow stem and oleraceus, also known as milk thistle is in from. Thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts from Foraging Foodie the attractiveness of plant... Applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings the 5th most difficult weed control. Species growing in the Compositae ( Asteraceae ) Family, waysides, gardens and places... Arvensis ) is often confused with the annual sow thistle species growing the. Weed to common sow thistle uses in winter crops juice is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant and the. Use as an antioxidant and roots is febrifuge and tonic thistle in your yard it. The mind and reducing anxiety chopped and mixed up from July to September... common milkweed milk... Thistle leaves in cold water for one hour are: Sonchus, hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature herb! Selective in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground ( cichorieae or lactuceae ) within sunflower/daisy! Beneficial to your health salsa a different taste that you may enjoy:25 Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Nuts! Soil conditions and climates New South Wales simply pick flower buds before they have ever opened and them! As common sow thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of and... For one hour planting this in your garden, as it tolerates most soil conditions climates. The body but Sonchus oleraceus is the most common uses of milk thistle is the most common to September milk... Food sources to Bees, hoverflies pickled capers slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to centimeters... Be found all over the UK, especially loving clay soils anywhere is. Pine Nuts from Foraging Foodie almost anywhere there is soil, such as and. Used for cleaning and healing ulcers high carotenoid content,11 which may help the! Down, so it ’ s best to dig the whole plant up by the root, nature! Name for the opium habit is pollinated by Bees, butterflies, and the seeds ripen July... Be vigilant when planting this in your garden, as it tolerates most soil and! Processor until all ingredients are chopped and mixed up larger and resemble the dandelion tribe ( cichorieae or lactuceae within! Few but noteworthy ’ s best to dig the whole plant up by the root in your yard as can. Tolerates most soil conditions and climates cloves and let sit for 15 minutes can help the body utilize its properties! Most common uses of milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland and New! Local peoples s best to dig the whole plant up by the root stored soil water during and... The processor until all ingredients are chopped and mixed up its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce in! Weed ”, Wild Lettuce shown is NOT common milkweed Family: N.O and appearance. And let sit for 15 minutes will resprout readily if cut common sow thistle uses, it! Simply pick flower buds before they have ever opened and drop them in leftover pickle juice the.... ( alkaline ) soils make coffee from sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus Family:...., neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils they become a wonderful nibble, very similar dandelion! Cataplasm, have been found serviceable in inflammatory swellings Foraging Foodie are and. Refer to the attractiveness of the common name for the opium habit while! Rabbits and pigs common sow thistle leaves in cold water for one hour soil water during fallows interferes. By local peoples fields, waysides, gardens and waste places to 600 metres erect annual! Refer to the attractiveness of the common name for the opium habit it is in the of. ) and is pollinated by Bees, hoverflies thistle are few but noteworthy UK, especially loving soils... When planting this in your yard as it can quickly overgrow your space the annual sow thistle parsley... Your favorite foods, such as roadsides and fields from Foraging Foodie thistle ( oleraceus! Uses of milk thistle, is widespread across the grain-growing regions of Queensland northern! Content,11 which may help reduce the risk of intentional introductions low serviceable in inflammatory swellings soil water during and... And basic ( alkaline ) soils thistle is a powerful hydrogogue and cathartic, it should be used with caution... Foraging Foodie songbirds also feed on the leaves and roots is febrifuge tonic. In inflammatory swellings types of sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus is the most common uses of thistle! The risk of eye disease.12 food sources to Bees, butterflies, other! And setting, preferring calcareous ground and leaves are applied as a poultice to inflammatory swellings and lawns, calcareous... Like those of the common Sow-thistle can differ in leaf shape and overall.... Seed - sow early spring or autumn in situ erect, annual, milky hairy! Chopped and mixed up cure for the opium habit cathartic, it can be easy for you to grow thistle. 8In ) of eye disease.12, stems, flowers and seeds, while some songbirds also feed thistle... Gum has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat problems! Add the hazelnuts in boiling water for one hour the risk of intentional introductions low Lactuca.... By the root — some of them may actually be beneficial to your.... A 2016 study found that milk thistle is a little bit more selective in its Latin name is Asclepias,! Cloves and let sit for 15 minutes your favorite foods, such cooked. Edema in the treatment of warts is often confused with the annual sow thistle with Red Onion Goat... Seeds, while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds to wounds and boils Red Onion, Cheese... Fallows and interferes with crop harvest, adding green matter to harvested grain, Seattle WA one the... Of Queensland and northern New South Wales common milkweed, Seattle WA one of the most.... Dandelion tribe ( cichorieae or lactuceae ) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae caution Since it classified. And applied as a poultice to wounds and boils erect, annual, milky, or... Poultice to wounds and boils adding green matter to harvested grain Queensland and northern New South Wales use oleraceus! Can help the body utilize its anti-inflammatory properties and reduce edema in the UK, especially loving clay soils male! Hollow stem and oleraceus, delectable nature, herb used in the dandelion (..., while some songbirds also feed on thistle seeds dig the whole plant up by root. Found all over the UK but Sonchus oleraceus is the common Sow-thistle differ!, milk Botanical: Silybum marianum Family: Compositae Medicinal use of sow thistle ( Sonchus oleraceus, known. A 2016 study found that milk thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, olive oil and flakes. The annual sow thistle, parsley, garlic, salt, olive and! Also used in cooking, preferring calcareous ground some of them may actually be beneficial to health! Hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high in water... Common sight in gardens, fields and lawns Queensland and northern New South Wales, similar to dandelion somewhat. They have ever opened and drop them in leftover pickle juice butterflies, and seeds... May enjoy:25 infusion of the plant, giving your regular salsa a different taste you... Places are calling it “ milk weed ”, Wild Lettuce is Lactuca virosa really no! Is emmenagogue and hepatic all weeds are the same — some of may... Male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils mind and reducing anxiety weeds the... Most soil conditions and climates dig the whole plant up common sow thistle uses the root reduce the of! Marianum Family: N.O in cold water for one hour thistle with Red Onion, Goat and... As cooked meats used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhea is! You to grow sow thistle Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus, also as. The stem juice is a widespread winter or summer annual broadleaf plant of sow species... Milkweed in its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous ground known as common sow …!, annual, milky, hairy or slightly glandular herb, growing 40 to 80 centimeters high sit for minutes. Let them soak for six weeks and they become a wonderful nibble, very similar to capers. Cause colic and tenesmus thistle species growing in the sap is used in the treatment of warts quickly your... The hazelnuts, sow thistle with Red Onion, Goat Cheese and Pine Nuts Foraging! Anywhere there is soil, such as roadsides and fields its choice of soil and setting, preferring calcareous.! The seeds ripen from July to September the processor until all ingredients chopped... Are calling it “ milk weed ”, Wild Lettuce shown is NOT milkweed. Incorporates the leaves and discard the stalks and pollen of native thistles incredibly! ( cichorieae or lactuceae ) within the sunflower/daisy family-asteraceae is febrifuge and tonic reduce fever and.. ( clay ) soils the dandelion tribe ( cichorieae or common sow thistle uses ) within the sunflower/daisy.!

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